Oriya is a tribal language spoken in the Odisha region of the Indian subcontinent. It is also known for its architecture, dance, and music. Although it is one of the most widely spoken languages, there are many different dialects that differ from one another. This article will discuss a few of them.
Tribal dialects spoken in Odisha
Tribal dialects are endangered in Odisha, the home of 62 tribal communities and 38 languages. The government has decided to come up with textbooks in 21 tribal languages, and it is working on dictionaries for 20 more.
Some of the major languages include Binjhal, Bhuyan, and Santali. In addition, the Parang Proja tribe has developed a language variety called Bodo Parja.
However, several minor dialects of Odia are also spoken in the state. The Bhaleswari variant is called Baleswari, while the Koraputia dialect is known as Korabi.
According to the 2011 census report, 311,175 people speak Kurmali, which is a traditional language of the Kurmi people. Most of these people live in Assam and West Bengal, but a small number of them can also be found in Odisha. It is believed that the population is much higher.
The Oriya language is one of the oldest languages in the country. It is a part of the Indo-Aryan family of languages, and it has a history going back at least a thousand years. Although the origins of the language are not known with certainty, it is believed that it is descended from Prakrit, an eastern Indian language that was spoken around 1500 years ago. Today, Oriya is one of 14 regional languages of India. A statutory provincial language of the State of Odisha, it serves as the medium of communication for the region, and is formally recognised by the Indian constitution.
In fact, the Oriya language has more than 32.1 million speakers in the state, and it is the official language of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. It is also used in business and media, and is considered the most important of the regional languages.
Orissa is a state in northeastern India. It has a history of prehistoric movements that came from east Africa and reached Southeast Asia. A culture has developed that is based on the traditions of its people. The state is known for its rich handicrafts and fine arts.
Among the most important of the handicrafts is stone carving. Artisans in Orissa specialize in rock-cut sculptures and other works of art. Traditionally, they carve soft stones by scrapping. They also make terracotta art objects.
Other crafts include bead work, lacquer and applique work. Brass and papier mache are other materials used for creating these arts. Many of these crafts are made for religious purposes.
Stone carving has been a tradition in Orissa for centuries. It has been a source of artistic expression for many generations of artisans. Several archeological monuments, including rock-cut sculptures, are found in the state. There are also numerous temples.
Oriya’s dance, music, and architecture
Odia culture has an important place in the history of India. Often, this culture was reflected in its arts and music, sometimes even in the way it was presented.
The Odissi dance, for example, was a performance art that originated in the ancient times. In the earlier days, the dancers performed within Hindu temples. This form of entertainment had its own unique style, which was based on the Bharata Natya Sastra.
However, the dance had to change to match changing cultural trends. So the style was later reformed. One of the most notable changes in the Odissi dance was the inclusion of Abhinaya, or gestures, in its repertoire. For example, the ‘dashavataram’ (transition from stance A to stance B) is a major feature in the Odissi dance.
Oriya’s population abroad
The Odia diaspora is a sizeable community of people living abroad. Most Odias are based in Northern Odisha, but they have also migrated to other areas of India and the world. This migration is rooted in centuries of trade and cultural exchange. In particular, modern Odias have been migrating to different parts of the country for jobs.
One of the most famous writers from the Odia literary tradition was Pandit Krushna Chandra Kar. He wrote a variety of books in the 19th century. His writings have inspired many other writers in the Odia community.
Another prominent writer from the 19th and 20th century was Muralidhar Mallick. He died in 2002. His last felicitation was in 1998. Chintamani Das, who was also a noted academician, wrote more than forty books.